Passer Rating

The NFL rates its passers for statistical purposes against a fixed performance standard based on statistical achievements of all qualified pro passers since 1960. The current system replaced one that rated passers in relation to their position in a total group based on various criteria.

The current system, which was adopted in 1973, removes inequities that existed in the former method and, at the same time, provides a means of comparing passing performances from one season to the next.

It is important to remember that the system is used to rate pass-ers, not quarterbacks. Statistics do not reflect leadership, play-calling, and other intangible factors that go into making a successful professional quarterback.

Four categories are used as a basis for compiling a rating:
• Percentage of completions per attempt
• Average yards gained per attempt
• Percentage of touchdown passes per attempt
• Percentage of interceptions per attempt

The average standard, is 1.000. The bottom is .000. To earn a 2.000 rating, a passer must perform at exceptional levels, i.e., 70 percent in completions, 10 percent in touchdowns, 1.5 percent in interceptions, and 11 yards average gain per pass attempt. The maximum a passer can receive in any category is 2.375.

For example, to gain a 2.375 in completion percentage, a passer would have to complete 77.5 percent of his passes. The NFL record is 70.55 by Ken Anderson (Cincinnati, 1982).
To earn a 2.375 in percentage of touchdowns, a passer would have to achieve a percentage of 11.9. The record is 13.9 by Sid Luckman (Chicago, 1943).

To gain 2.375 in percentage of interceptions, a passer would have to go the entire season without an interception. The 2.375 figure in average yards is 12.50, compared with the NFL record of 11.17 by Tommy O'Connell (Cleveland, 1957).

In order to make the rating more understandable, the point rating is then converted into a scale of 100. In rare cases, where statistical performance has been superior, it is possible for a passer to surpass a 100 rating.

For example, take Steve Young's record-setting season in 1994 when he completed 324 of 461 passes for 3,969 yards, 35 touchdowns, and 10 interceptions.

The four calculations would be:
• Percentage of Completions — 324 of 461 is 70.28 percent. Subtract 30 from the completion percentage (40.28) and multiply the result by 0.05. The result is a point rating of 2.014.Note: If the result is less than zero (Comp. Pct. less than 30.0), award zero points. If the results are greater than 2.375 (Comp. Pct. greater than 77.5), award 2.375.

• Average Yards Gained Per Attempt — 3,969 yards divided by 461 attempts is 8.61. Subtract three yards from yards-per-attempt (5.61) and multiply the result by 0.25. The result is 1.403.Note: If the result is less than zero (yards per attempt less than 3.0), award zero points. If the result is greater than 2.375 (yards per attempt greater than 12.5), award 2.375 points.

• Percentage of Touchdown Passes — 35 touchdowns in 461 attempts is 7.59 percent. Multiply the touchdown percentage by 0.2. The result is 1.518.Note: If the result is greater than 2.375 (touchdown percentage greater than 11.875), award 2.375.

• Percentage of Interceptions — 10 interceptions in 461 attempts is 2.17 percent. Multiply the interception percentage by 0.25 (0.542) and subtract the number from 2.375. The result is 1.833.Note: If the result is less than zero (interception percentage greater than 9.5), award zero points.

The sum of the four steps is (2.014 + 1.403 + 1.518 + 1.833) 6.768. The sum is then divided by six (1.128) and multiplied by 100. In this case, the result is 112.8. This same formula can be used to determine a passer rating for any player who attempts at least one pass.

*Information "borrowed" from NFL.com


Week 4 Picks

Once again I have to get in all of my picks for the week before the week actually starts, so here they are:
  • The Atlanta dome is unstopable, Atlanta takes it against Arizona.
  • Dallas wins in Tennessee with a healthy Owens.
  • Indy beats The Jets in New York.
  • Miami comes up with a win in Houston.
  • Buffalo wins a slim victory at home against Minnesota.
  • Carolina has Smith, New Orleans has Bush, Carolina wins.
  • Baltimore wins a huge upset in San Diego.
  • Kansas City will walk all over San Fran.
  • St. Louis wins at home against Detroit.
  • Oakland is awful, Cleveland wins in Oakland.
  • The Jaguars will take advantage of a weak Washington offense, Jacksonville wins.
  • Cincinnati takes out New England.
  • Seattle upsets Chicago in Chicago.
  • And on Monday night--Brian Westbrook leads Philadelphia to victory against Green Bay.
Last week: 10-6 (63%) Season:33-15 (69%)


Week 3 Picks

I have to get in all of my picks for the week before the week actually starts, so here they are:
  • Tampa Bay upsets and wins at home against the struggling Carolina Panthers.
  • Chicago takes out Minnesota in Minnesota.
  • Another upset in Pittsburgh when Cincinnati comes home with a win.
  • Detroit's defense will win the game on it's own against Green Bay.
  • Jacksonville took down The Steelers and they have what it takes to upset Indy at home.
  • Buffalo will win at home against The Jets.
  • Tennessee will lose in Miami.
  • Washington will win in Houston.
  • Baltimore will win on the road in Cleveland.
  • The Giants will upset Seattle.
  • Philadelphia still has enough in them to beat San Fran.
  • Arizona will lose in their own house against St. Louis.
  • Atlanta will beat New Orleans
  • And last but not least... New England will upset Denver at home.
Last week: 11-5 (69%) Season:23-9 (72%)


Addition by Subtraction

Sunday night football has made a metamorphosis of sorts; it has changed for better or for worse. Thirty-five years ago, Monday night football started and became one of the greatest things in sports today, but in the last eight years ABC has lost about $150 million a year on Monday nights. Ratings for this sports phenomenon have been slowly sloping downwards and viewers have one by one dropped off. Does ESPN really have what it takes to get the ball rolling again on Monday nights?

I think that they have already made a bad choice. John Madden has been the voice of Monday Night football since 2002, but has he begun to age a bit past his prime? More and more he has shown traits that aren’t to be shown in NFL announcers yet he gets away with it. Last week in the Colts game against the Giants it was more than obvious that Madden was blatantly pulling Peyton Manning and his team. He couldn’t stop crediting Peyton and his 'perfect passing', not once did he credit Eli for completions, first downs, not even touchdowns.

Although Madden is and forever will be one of the greatest announcers that ever lived, maybe it's about time that he sat a few plays out. As Al Michaels announces the game John Madden commentates about action on the sideline and criticizes or praises plays in which there is no need. The supply of John Maddens in this world are limited in quantity, but don't let that take away from judgment decisions upstairs in terms of quality. And hey, if they really need someone to fill in, I'm opne on Mondays.


Monday Night Madness

It's finally that time of year again. This is no regular Monday, oh no, far from it. It is a Monday unlike any other Monday in the last 259 days. No, we have been deprived of Monday Night Football for too long. It is our turn to rise, as football spectators of America, and stand for our respective teams--or sometimes just teams with hotter cheerleaders or less flamboyant receivers--it is time for us to stand and cheer on this opening night. However with great power comes great responsibility, that is of cleaning out the chips between the couch cushions, to stock the fridge in case of an overtime scenario, and of course to perform your pre-game rituals. Don't forget the last time you forgot your pre-game routine. Yea I'm talking about that one field goal kick that was so bad, it was returned for a touchdown. Or remember that time that your kicker pulled a muscle celebrating. Yea, I remember it. It was your own fault though, you shouldn't have washed your jersey after a win, you shouldn't have allowed your friends to put their grimy fingers on your life size Coach Ditka poster, and you forgot to water your Randy Moss Chia Pet. Well you had better strap on those boots, and fix that satalite dish because Monday Night Football is a' commin'.